Are sanctions restricting or stimulating development?
By David Nash
In the last two decades, economic sanctions have become one of the key foreign policy instruments. Sanctions are gradually replacing official diplomacy, they are widely used unilaterally by developed states to achieve their goals in the international arena.
The United States uses unilateral measures most often. Over the past hundred years, Washington has accumulated enormous experience in applying unilateral restrictive measures. The US sanctions policy is aimed at solving specific foreign policy tasks: from forcing a change of political course to blocking the supply of critical resources or technologies to the target country.
Recently, the sanctions policy of Western countries has been gaining momentum.
And for whom are sanctions really a limitation? For the country against which they are introduced, or for the initiating country? And do they essentially limit possibilities or open up new horizons?
From the imposition of restrictions on Russia, the European economy has suffered most seriously – due to a decrease in trade between Russia and the countries of the European Union. The result of all this policy of sanctions will not be the isolation of Russia, but the self-isolation of the West and the shift of the vector to the East.
For the collective West, in the face of sanctions pressure on Russia, the main geopolitical rival is China. The policy of Western countries today is a catalyst for the rapprochement between Russia and China.
The bilateral relations of these major powers in the world have deep historical roots of good neighborliness. The fundamental document of the current stage of the Russian-Chinese partnership, the Treaty of Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the PRC, establishes the inadmissibility of interference in the internal affairs of states and mutual respect for the path of political, economic, social and cultural development chosen by each of the countries in accordance with their internal conditions, as one of the basic principles of cooperation.
At the present stage, relations between these countries have acquired an unprecedented character of strategic comprehensive partnership. The economies of China and Russia are in many ways complementary and have been going through a process of integration for many years.
The tandem of Moscow and Beijing forms an alternative source of modernization, which can be used in case of pressure from the West.